MILE - Managing migration and Integration at a local level - cities and regions
Links and Documents
The MILE project seeks to establish a thematic network of 10 Cities and 10 Regions which is based on the need to develop an integrated exchange programme relating to the theme of " Managing Migration and Integration in Cities and Regions". The project is a pilot for the newly launched “Regions for Economic Change” (RFEC) programme." Regions for Economic Change is a new proactive policy tool offered to Member States, regions and cities to help them implement the renewed Lisbon agenda through actions aimed at economic modernisation. The Fast Track Network ( FTN ) is one of the tools for implementing RFEC and will introduce those best practice ideas in the mainstream through the Operational Programmes approved at regional level, which implementation is characterised by the division of the project in two phases: Preparatory Phase and Operational Phase.
More information about the project will soon be avaliable on the project website hosted by URBACT
1. City of Venise and Veneto region, Lead partner (Italy)
2. District of Rotterdam- Charlois and City of Rotterdam (Netherlands)
3. City of Vantaa and Employment and Economic Development Centre for Uusimaa (Finland)
4. City of Turin and Piedmont Region (Italy)
5. City of Timisoara and Ministry of Development, Public Works and Housing (Romania).
6. City of Komotini and Region of Easter Macedonia and Thrace (Greece).
7. City of Sevilla (Spain)
8. City of Amadora (Portugal)
9. City of Nea Alikarnassos (Crete), represented by heraklion Development Agency (Greece)
10.City of Zaragosa and the region of Aragon (Spain)
Key Links and Documents
Local Mapping Reports
This Overview relates to Phase One of the fast track proposal which ran from April 07-October 07(six months)
There are a number of contextual factors relating to the theme that underpin this projectl:
Until recently, most migration in Europe was either local - as workers moved from the southern Mediterranean states to north Western Europe - or was linked to the colonial history of former European empires. Examples include the migration to the UK from the Caribbean and south Asia, and the movement of people from north and Francophone African states to France and Belgium.
However, many EU-15 countries - such as Spain, Portugal and Greece - remained countries of emigration, and the last country to move from emigration to net immigration was Ireland in 1996. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, many of the new EU Member States have also themselves been experiencing inward flows of migrants, from both east and west.
Migration flows in Europe have changed in several ways over the past three decades.
- First, there has been an increase in intra-EU mobility. The creation of an area of free movement within the Union has deregulated migration within the EU-15 and separated discussions on this type of mobility from the larger, more contentious, national immigration debates.
- Second, there has been a rapid increase in the diversity of migrants as a result of a more interconnected world, yet with continuing economic disparities. At the inter-regional level, most migration flows are from developing countries in Asia and Africa to industrialised countries, particularly in Europe. Currently, non-EU nationals make up at least 4% of the EU-15 population. The increase in the number of 'sending' countries has resulted in a new 'super-diversity' in Europe, with many disparate communities composed of small groups of many different nationalities. This poses new challenges for integration. In addition to dealing with more established communities of second- and third-generation migrants, policy-makers must devise ways to integrate smaller and sometimes more fragmented communities of newcomers.
- Finally, the flow of migrants has become more complex, both in terms of their movements and their legal status. ‘Return’ and ‘circular’ migration have become more commonplace, with cheaper travel and communications encouraging greater mobility. An increasing proportion of the migrant population is ‘transnational’, working in one country while maintaining a family and social life in another.
Similarly, the successful integration of third country nationals is a key component of achieving the overall Lisbon Objectives in terms of employment, enterprise and social cohesion. Indeed, the labour market needs of the EU economy can only be addressed with greater immigration and thus the need for a more effective way of ensuring the integration of third country nationals. The consensus that emerges from practice and policy is that there is a need for a holistic approach. This same perspective was echoed in the decision of the Justice and Home Affairs Council in 2004 to adopt a series of 9 Common Basic Principles (CBPs) to underpin a coherent European Framework on integration of third-country nationals.
Aims and Objectives
Given the above contextual background, the FTN had the overall aim of developing a partnership of 10 cities and their respective Managing Authorities in order to identify priorities for a phase Two proposal.
To realise this overall aim the preparatory 6 month phase had the following objectives:
1. Extend Partnership in order to incorporate 5 additional partners.
2. Undertake an European and local mapping of trends, realities and needs in the field of integration.
3. Analyse the results of the local and EU mapping.
4. Develop Phase II Proposal
5. Complete contractual requirements of the project.µ
All of those objectives were copleted.
Local Mapping reports
1. City of Venise
2. District of Rotterdam- Charlois
3. City of Vantaa
4. City of Turin
5. City of Timisoara
6. City of Komotini
7. City of Sevilla
8. City of Amadora
9. City of Nea Alikarnassos
10.City of Zaragosa
For information on the operational phase of the project please go to the URBACT website